Collections and Research
The Norwegian Mining Museum includes:
- Collections from Kongsberg Silvermines
- The Silver Collection
- The Norwegian Mining and Mineral Collections
- Kongsberg Industry Collection
- Kongsberg Skiing History
- The Coin and Medal Collection
The Collections from Kongsberg Silvermines document the development of mining through the 335 years the Silvermines in Kongsberg were in operation. The main attraction is the silver and mineral collection which was created after the royal resolution of 15 March 1841. Today the Norwegian Mining Museum hosts the largest collection of native silver in the world.
The Norwegian Mining and Mineral Collections include objects, maps, drawings, photographies and archive material. This is mainly material from the Silvermines in Kongsberg, but also from mining heritage sites in Norway such as Skorovas mines, Knaben molybdenium mines and Bleka gold mines. The material range from the 1500’s until today, but mainly from pre-industrial time.The exhibition gives an overview of the diversity of mining in Norway. Here you can find emeralds, rubies and ½ kg goldnuggets, along with other Norwegian gems, minerals and ores.
Kongsberg Industry Collections includes the exhibit of Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk (Kongsberg arms factory) which illustrates the development from the establishment of the industry in 1814 through to the hi-Tech companies of today. The Kongsberg weapons factory was established as a consequence of the temporary shut-down in the mines from 1805. Here you will learn about the development of the Krag-Jørgensen rifle at the end of the 19th century which would later lay the foundation for a modern industrial company in Kongsberg.
Kongsberg Skiing History takes visitors on a journey through the golden age of ski jumping from 1924-1952. This period was dominated by the “Kongsberg-jumpers” with brothers Sigmund, Asbjørn and Birger Ruud as the local champions. Here visitors will find everything from silver cups from local competitions and Olympic medals to ski wax. The exhibition also documents the development of the skiing tradition in Norway. The exhibition hold approx. 5000 trophies and medals won by ski jumpers from Kongsberg.
The Coin and Medal Collection includes the first known Norwegian coin is a “penning” from approx. 1000. The first coins of silver from Kongsberg was made at the mint at Akershus fortress in 1628. In 1686 the coin production was moved to Kongsberg where coins are still being produced today. The making of coins was for many years a privilege for Kings. The first mint was established in Christiania (Oslo) in 1628, making coins with silver from the mines in Kongsberg. The mint in Kongsberg was established in 1686 by King Christian 5., as a part of the Silvermines. The coins still carry a crossed hammer and chisel, – the international symbol of mining. The exhibit give an historical insight into coin production and includes most coins produced from Christian 4. “silverdalers” to modern nickel coins. The exhibition also contains medals from the great Nordic War to the Nobel Peace prize.
Kongsberg Silvermines Collection of maps and drawings are approx. 4000, ehere most of the maps are hand-drawn. Approx. 2500 of the maps and drawing are located at Riksarkvivet, the rest is at the Norwegian Mining Museum i Kongsberg. In addition, the museum has approx. 2000 drawings and maps from other mines in Norway.